Learning Continuum of Ethical Understanding

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This element involves students reasoning when making decisions and acting ethically.

Students consider the consequences of and reflect on ethical action. They analyse the reasoning behind stances when making ethical decisions and evaluate the intended and unintended consequences of actions in an increasing range of scenarios. Students articulate understandings of a range of ethical responses in social contexts. In developing and acting with ethical understanding, students:

  • reason and make ethical decisions
  • consider consequences
  • reflect on ethical action.

Level 1

Typically by the end of Foundation Year, students:

Reason and make ethical decisions

identify examples from stories and experiences that show ways people make decisions about their actions

Reflect on ethical action

identify and describe the influence of factors such as wants and needs on people’s actions

Consider consequences

identify links between emotions and behaviours

Level 2

Typically by the end of Year 2, students:

Reason and make ethical decisions

discuss how people make decisions about their actions and offer reasons why people’s decisions differ

Consider consequences

describe the effects that personal feelings and dispositions have on how people behave

Reflect on ethical action

give examples of how understanding situations can influence the way people act

Level 3

Typically by the end of Year 4, students:

Reason and make ethical decisions

explain reasons for acting in certain ways, including the conflict between self-respect and self-interest in reaching decisions

Reflect on ethical action

consider whether having a conscience leads to ways of acting ethically in different scenarios

Consider consequences

examine the links between emotions, dispositions and intended and unintended consequences of their actions on others