A manner of pronunciation of a language which marks speakers as belonging to identifiable categories such as geographical or ethnic origin, social class or generation.

Marks placed on a letter to indicate pronunciation, stress or intonation, or to indicate a different meaning or different grammatical usage for the word within which they appear. For example, résumé, piñata, ou/où.

Production of structurally correct forms of the target language.

A word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. For example, astonishing in an astonishing discovery.

A word class that may modify or qualify a verb, an adjective or another adverb. For example, beautifully in she sings beautifully; really in he is really interesting; very and slowly in she walks very slowly.

A word or group of words that functions as an adverb.

Relates to a sense of beauty or appreciation of artistic expression.

A recurrence of the same consonant sounds at the beginning of words in close succession (for example, ripe, red raspberry)

Intended readers, listeners or viewers.

Texts or materials produced for ‘real-life’ purposes and contexts as opposed to being created specifically for learning tasks or language practice.

A composer or originator of a work (for example, a novel, film, website, speech, essay, autobiography).