Glossary (Version 8.4)

A process of developing land and monitoring its use in a sustainable way, usually for purposes of producing food and providing fibre for clothing and housing. Includes providing protection for flora and fauna, and preventing and controlling weeds. Also see water management.

A strategy to identify possible improvements to products, services and environments to reduce environmental impact and resource consumption while considering social and economic impacts. The cycle goes from the acquisition of materials through to disposal or recycling. Life cycle thinking in food and fibre production would consider nutrition, health and wellbeing, cultural identity and lifestyle as well as environmental impacts. When products and services are marketed or integrated together, customers may be more satisfied because the service supports the product’s use through its life, and could lead to less consumption. Examples of how life cycle thinking can be demonstrated include product road maps and more complex life cycle analysis and assessment diagrams used by industry.

A type of compression algorithm that retains sufficient information to allow the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data. It is used when it is important for the original data to be perfectly preserved, for example, in text documents, programming source code, application files or for archival purposes.

A type of compression algorithm that compresses data by discarding information that is not necessary to reproduce the original data with sufficient detail for the user not to notice the difference. It is used primarily for reducing the size of multimedia assets such as video, audio and photos, especially when streaming or transmitting the data over the internet. The original data cannot be restored from the compressed version, as is noticeable when attempting to increase the size of a compressed jpeg file.

low compression (41KB)

medium compression (24KB)

high compression (6KB)

A way of thinking about food and fibre production that focuses on reducing purchased inputs (such as fertilisers and pesticides) and uses on-farm and environmental resources effectively. Concepts include crop rotations and soil and water conservation.