Glossary

To execute a movement or movement sequence such as a volleyball set, folk dance, ball skills or teamwork skills.

Body movement that is produced by a contraction of skeletal muscle and that increases energy expenditure. Physical activity is a broad term that includes playing sport; exercise and fitness activities such as dance, yoga and tai chi; everyday activities such as walking to work, household chores and gardening; and many other forms of active recreation.

A measure of a body’s ability to function efficiently, effectively and without injury in work and leisure activities, to pursue recreational activities and to cope with emergency situations. It is a set of attributes that people have or achieve relating to the ability to perform physical activity. It is commonly conceptualised as being made up of health-related components (such as cardiovascular fitness, flexibility, muscular endurance, and strength) and skill-related components (such as agility, balance, coordination, reactions, rhythm, power and speed).

Play is an activity that is positively valued by the player, self-motivated, freely chosen, and engaging. Children actively involved in play may be engaged in a variety of activities, independently, with a partner or in a group. Play can occur indoors or outdoors. It is closely tied to the cognitive, socio-emotional, and motor development of young children, and is an important part of developmentally appropriate early years learning. Benefits of a play can include persistence, negotiation, problem-solving, planning and cooperation.

A form of resistance training that uses jumping, throwing, hopping and other explosive movements to develop muscular power.

To repeat and rehearse an activity or exercise for the purpose of improvement or to maintain proficiency.

To suggest what might happen in the future or as a consequence of some action occurring.

Behaviours and decisions that direct resources to the prevention of ill health, promotion of individual and communityhealth, and reduction of health inequalities.