Glossary

Relates to safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives, assessing risk, making safe decisions and behaving in ways that protect their own safety and that of others. It includes making safe decisions that keep people healthy in situations and places such as school, home, on roads, outdoors, near and in water, parties, online, first aid, relationships and dating, and personal safety.

Children and young people will seek out risks elsewhere, in environments that are not controlled or designed for them, if a play and physical activity provision is not challenging enough. Important learning can take place when children are exposed to, and have to learn to deal with, environmental hazards.

A term used to describe someone who is physically, emotionally, sexually or spiritually attracted to a person of the same sex. They may or may not be attracted to people of other genders and may or may not identify as gay, lesbian or bisexual.

Activities that do not increase energy expenditure higher than resting levels and usually involve sitting or lying down. They can include watching screens (television, gaming, texting or using a computer and other devices), sitting and talking, reading, writing and listening to presentations.

To choose in preference to another or others.

An individual’s belief in their ability to succeed in reaching a specific goal or completing a task, such as maintaining healthy and active habits, acquiring a new movement skill or meeting a personal challenge.

A physical, social, emotional and/or spiritual connection to a place that shapes personal and social identities, perspectives and interactions.

An individual’s perception of ‘self’ and how they perceive their place in the world in relation to a range of personal characteristics and cultural norms and expectations.

A state of physical, mental and social wellbeing in relation to sexuality. It requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as a possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence.

A central aspect of being human throughout life. It is influenced by an interaction of biological, psychological, social, economic, political, cultural, ethical, legal, historical, religious and spiritual factors. It is experienced and expressed in thoughts, feelings, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviours, practices, roles and relationships.

Components of skilled play include agility, endurance, resilience, courage, communication, willingness to play fairly, game sense and technical ability.

Physical fitness is considered a measure of a body’s ability to function efficiently, effectively and without injury in work and leisure activities, to pursue recreational activities and to cope with emergency situations. Skill-related fitness includes components such as agility, balance, coordination, reactions, rhythm, power and speed.

An ability to form satisfying interpersonal relationships with others. It also relates to an ability to adapt comfortably to different social situations, social institutions, social values and norms, and act appropriately in a variety of settings. This requires strong communication skills, empathy for others and a sense of accountability.

To work out a correct solution to a problem.

Movement skills that are required in more organised games and activities. Examples of specialised movement skills include fielding a ground ball in softball, climbing a rock wall and performing a grapevine step in dance.

A positive sense of belonging, meaning and purpose in life. It includes values and beliefs that influence the way people live, and can be influenced by an individual’s connection to themselves, others, nature and beyond.

A human activity that has physical exertion, skills tactics and strategies as a primary focus, with elements of competition, and for which rules and patterns of behaviour governing an activity exist formally through organisations.

Generally: A method or plan of action chosen to bring about a particular outcome.

In sport: A set of specific tactics applied within a particular context of a game.

Focuses on capacities, competencies, values and hopes of all students, regardless of their current circumstances, to optimise their own health and that of others. It looks to extend preventive health to the creation of health through individual, community and societal resources and assets.

To put forward for consideration.

To give a brief statement of the main points.

To combine elements (information/ideas/components) into a coherent whole.