Glossary (Version 8.4)

A sign or gesture used in conversation to signal a pause, hesitation or unfinished contribution. For example, wriggling fingers with hands upheld.

The manual representation of the letters of the alphabet of a spoken-language. In Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, a two-handed fingerspelling system is used to fingerspell English letters. In many other countries, a one-handed fingerspelling system is used.

An ability to produce signed, spoken or written language with appropriate phrasing, rhythm and pace. It involves the smooth flow of language, lack of hesitation or undue pausing and characterises the largely accurate use and automatisation of the target language.

Systems that operate on a special radio frequency and allow the transmitter microphone used by a speaker, such as a classroom teacher, to channel sound directly to the hearing aid worn by a deaf person within range of the system. Reduction of background noise in the setting and channeling of the voice directly to the hearing aid enables the FM user to hear the speaker more clearly.

The elements of the structure of signs; the physical way they are formed. (See Parameters).

Texts of a static nature that are usually culturally embedded, such as the Australian national anthem.

Signs with a form that is fully specified, that is, the handshape, movement and location are conventional. Lexical signs make up a large proportion of the signs in a sign language dictionary.